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Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2016 Jun;27(4):413-8. doi: 10.1111/pai.12532. Epub 2016 Feb 26.

Pre-birth cohort study of atopic dermatitis and severe bronchiolitis during infancy.

Author information

1
Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
2
Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
3
Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
4
Research Information Systems and Computing, Partners HealthCare System, Boston, MA, USA.
5
Department of Neurology, Laboratory of Computer Science, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
6
Center for Experimental Drugs and Diagnostics, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
7
Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Genetics Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
8
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
9
Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis (i.e. severe bronchiolitis) are at increased risk of childhood asthma. There are many known risk factors for severe bronchiolitis, including cardiac and pulmonary diseases. Less is known about the association between atopic diseases and risk of severe bronchiolitis. We sought to further examine risk factors for severe bronchiolitis, focusing on atopic dermatitis (AD).

METHODS:

We conducted a nested cohort study within the Massachusetts General Hospital Obstetric Maternal Study (MOMS), a prospective cohort of pregnant women enrolled during 1998-2006. Children of mothers enrolled in MOMS were included in the analysis if they received care within our health system (n = 5407). Potential risk factors for bronchiolitis and hospitalization data were extracted from the children's electronic health records; we also examined pregnancy and perinatal risk factors collected from the underlying MOMS data.

RESULTS:

During the first year of life, 125 infants (2.3%) had severe bronchiolitis. Eighteen of these patients had AD; 11 (61%) were diagnosed with AD prior to bronchiolitis hospitalization. In unadjusted analyses, AD was associated with severe bronchiolitis (χ(2) 14.6; p < 0.001). In multivariable analyses adjusting for nine known risk factors for severe bronchiolitis, including demographics, birth season, disposition at birth, cardiac disease, maternal parity, and delivery mode, AD was associated with increased odds of severe bronchiolitis (odds ratio 2.72, 95% confidence interval 1.60-4.63).

CONCLUSIONS:

Atopic dermatitis is significantly associated with severe bronchiolitis in infancy. The mechanism of the AD-bronchiolitis association is unclear and merits further study; this research may shed light on the pathogenesis of asthma.

KEYWORDS:

asthma; atopic dermatitis; birth season; bronchiolitis; congenital heart disease; eczema; respiratory syncytial virus; risk factors

Comment in

  • Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2016 Jun;27(4):337.
PMID:
26766307
DOI:
10.1111/pai.12532
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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