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Cardiol Young. 2016 Apr;26(4):623-8. doi: 10.1017/S104795111500267X. Epub 2016 Jan 14.

Cardiac changes in anorexia nervosa.

Author information

1
1Department of Psychiatry,Eating Recovery Center,Denver,Colorado,United States of America.

Abstract

Introduction Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder, which is associated with many different medical complications as a result of the weight loss and malnutrition that characterise this illness. It has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder. A large portion of deaths are attributable to the cardiac abnormalities that ensue as a result of the malnutrition associated with anorexia nervosa. In this review, the cardiac complications of anorexia nervosa will be discussed.

METHODS:

A comprehensive literature review on cardiac changes in anorexia nervosa was carried out.

RESULTS:

There are structural, functional, and rhythm-type changes that occur in patients with anorexia nervosa. These become progressively significant as ongoing weight loss occurs.

CONCLUSION:

Cardiac changes are inherent to anorexia nervosa and they become more life-threatening and serious as the anorexia nervosa becomes increasingly severe. Weight restoration and attention to these cardiac changes are crucial for a successful treatment outcome.

KEYWORDS:

Anorexia nervosa; bradycardia; cardiovascular; malnutrition; ventricular

PMID:
26763203
DOI:
10.1017/S104795111500267X
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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