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Ann Epidemiol. 2016 Feb;26(2):151-154.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.11.004. Epub 2015 Dec 11.

Temporal trends of esophageal disorders by age in the Cerner Health Facts database.

Author information

1
Hormonal and Reproductive Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address: jessica.petrick@nih.gov.
2
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Hepatology and Nutrition, Medical College of Virginia Campus, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA.
3
Hormonal and Reproductive Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence has increased approximately 600% over the last 4 decades in the United States. Little research has been conducted on the temporal trends of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett's esophagus (BE), yet it is important to establish whether these conditions have also increased with time or differ by age.

METHODS:

The Cerner Health Facts(®) database contains information on 35 million patients between 2001 and 2010. GERD, BE, and esophageal cancer (EC) cases were defined using International Classification of Diseases, ninth edition codes. We calculated age-adjusted rates and 95% confidence intervals for GERD, BE, and EC.

RESULTS:

In this population, the overall, all-age rate per 100,000 encounters for GERD was 711.9, BE was 21.6, and EC was 6.1. During 2001-2010, GERD rates increased by approximately 50% and EC rates more than doubled, but BE rates declined by approximately 40%. Trends were similar by age, and all rates were higher in Caucasians and males.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data indirectly support the idea that increased incidence of EC may be partially due to GERD and raise the provocative hypothesis that BE rates may be decreasing possibly as a forerunner of continued stabilization of esophageal adenocarcinoma rates and a possible subsequent decline.

KEYWORDS:

Barrett's esophagus; Esophageal cancer; Gastroesophageal reflux disease; Temporal trends

PMID:
26762962
PMCID:
PMC4844025
DOI:
10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.11.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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