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Kardiologiia. 2015;55(8):35-42.

[Effects of Meldonium in Early Postmyocardial Infarction Period].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

The aim of PMICS (Postmyocardial Infarction Cardiosclerosis) patients therapy within the dispensary supervision is CCI (Chronic Cardio Insufficiency) progression prevention, life quality improvement, hospitalization number decrease and life prognosis improvement. Despite the developed approaches to the given patients treatment, CCI progression prevention, the main disease treatment ensuring and prognosis assessment are not always as much as possible effective. The search of methods improving the given patients prognosis is highly actual.

THE AIM:

To evaluate the meldonium clinical effectiveness in the early postmyocardial infarction period.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

67 patients were included in investigation, their age ranged from 40 to 70. They survived myocardial infarction (MI) and were discharged for further ambulatory supervision. The patients were randomized into two groups: the first one consisting of 32 patients got basic therapy for ischemic heart disease (IHD). The second group consisting of 35 patients besides basic therapy got mildronate during 12 weeks.

RESULTS:

meldonium included in standard ischemic heart disease therapy in early postmyocardial infarction cardiosclerosis reduces the rate of angina pectoris attacks (p = 0.001), decreased the number of epiventricular extrasystoles (p = 0.002) and the number of paroxysmal rhythm disturbances (p = 0.001), decreased arterial blood pressure (middle SAP and DAP) p = 0.001, improves life quality and lowered the level of anxiety (p = 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

The results received are likely to depend on the use of energetically advantageous pyruvate in glycolytic cycle due to restoration of equilibrium in processes of oxygen supply and its consumption, prevention of ATA (adenozine tryphosphoric acid) transport disturbances, elimination of toxic metabolic products accumulation. No side effects were registered during the course of mildronate treatment.

PMID:
26761970
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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