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Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2015 Feb;49 Spec No:58-64. doi: 10.1590/S0080-623420150000700009.

Stress, coping and burnout among Intensive Care Unit nursing staff: associated factors.

[Article in English, Portuguese]

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Departamento de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil.
Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Departamento de Enfermagem Médico Cirúrgica, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.


Objective To investigate emotional stress, coping and burnout among nursing staff and their association with biosocial factors and characteristics of work in Intensive Care Units (ICU). Method This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in eight ICUs at a teaching hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in October 2012. Biosocial data and information about the professionals' work was gathered, and they were given the Scale of Occupational Stress, Scale of Occupational Coping, List of Signs and Symptoms of Stress and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results The study sample consisted of 287 subjects, predominately women, with partners and children. Most professionals presented moderate stress levels and control as a coping strategy (74.47% and 79.93%, respectively), and burnout was present among 12.54%. Factors associated with stress were related to working conditions. The most prevalent protective factors were having a partner, working in the clinical ICU and liking work, while adequate amount of sleep was a protective factor for burnout. Conclusion Control of the working environment and adequate sleep are decisive and protective factors in dealing with situations of occupational stress.

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