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Aging Male. 2016 Jun;19(2):102-5. doi: 10.3109/13685538.2015.1131259. Epub 2016 Jan 13.

Erectile dysfunction is a marker for obstructive sleep apnea.

Author information

1
a Department of Urology , Yüzüncü Yil University , Van , Turkey .
2
b Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine , Yüzüncü Yil University , Van , Turkey , and.
3
c Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine , Istanbul University , Istanbul , Turkey.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with and without any other comorbidities.

METHODS:

The patient group was newly diagnosed as having OSA (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] > 5/h) using a polysomnographic examination. A group of subjects with simple snoring were included into the control group. Clinically relevant comorbidities were systematically assessed in face-to-face interviews. All patients were asked to complete the 15-item International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-15) questionnaire for the evaluation of ED. The patients with OSA and ED were evaluated according to these comorbidities.

RESULTS:

Of the 94 patients, 39 patients were excluded because of severe diseases. OSA was observed in 38 (69.1%) of the 55 patients. ED was seen in 24 (63.2%) patients with OSA, and in 8 (47.1%) patients without OSA (p > 0.05). There were no statistical differences between the groups' ages, IIEF scores, and body mass index (BMI) scores. There were statistically significant differences between the groups' AHI scores (p < 0.05). There was a significant correlation between the groups' AHI scores, BMI, and age (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in patients with OSA, with and without comorbidity in terms of ED.

CONCLUSION:

The rate of ED was higher in patients with OSA who had no other comorbidities. Therefore, ED can be a sensitive marker of OSA.

KEYWORDS:

Comorbidity; erectile dysfunction; obstructive sleep apnea; prevalence

PMID:
26758960
DOI:
10.3109/13685538.2015.1131259
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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