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Clin Genet. 2016 Oct;90(4):315-23. doi: 10.1111/cge.12735. Epub 2016 Feb 3.

Identification of germline alterations in breast cancer predisposition genes among Malaysian breast cancer patients using panel testing.

Author information

1
Cancer Research Malaysia, Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
2
University Malaya Cancer Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
3
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
4
Subang Jaya Medical Centre, Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
5
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
6
Cancer Research Malaysia, Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia. soohwang.teo@cancerresearch.my.
7
University Malaya Cancer Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. soohwang.teo@cancerresearch.my.
8
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. soohwang.teo@cancerresearch.my.

Abstract

Although an association between protein-truncating variants and breast cancer risk has been established for 11 genes, only alterations in BRCA1, BRCA2, TP53 and PALB2 have been reported in Asian populations. Given that the age of onset of breast cancer is lower in Asians, it is estimated that inherited predisposition to breast cancer may be more significant. To determine the potential utility of panel testing, we investigated the prevalence of germline alterations in 11 established and 4 likely breast cancer genes in a cross-sectional hospital-based cohort of 108 moderate to high-risk breast cancer patients using targeted next generation sequencing. Twenty patients (19%) were identified to carry deleterious mutations, of whom 13 (12%) were in the BRCA1 or BRCA2, 6 (6%) were in five other known breast cancer predisposition genes and 1 patient had a mutation in both BRCA2 and BARD1. Our study shows that BRCA1 and BRCA2 account for the majority of genetic predisposition to breast cancer in our cohort of Asian women. Although mutations in other known breast cancer genes are found, the functional significance and breast cancer risk have not yet been determined, thus limiting the clinical utility of panel testing in Asian populations.

KEYWORDS:

Asian; Malaysian; breast cancer; genetic testing; predisposition

PMID:
26757417
DOI:
10.1111/cge.12735
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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