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Small. 2016 Apr 27;12(16):2225-33. doi: 10.1002/smll.201500899. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

Nanoglasses: A New Kind of Noncrystalline Material and the Way to an Age of New Technologies?

Author information

1
Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), PO Box 36 40, 76021, Karlsruhe, Germany.
2
Institute of Nanoscience, Building 340, Nanjing University of Science and Technology Nanjing, Jiangsu 2, 10094, P. R. China.

Abstract

Today's technologies are primarily based on crystalline materials (metals, semiconductors, etc.), as their properties can be controlled by varying their chemical and/or defect microstructures. This is not possible in today's glasses. The new features of nanoglasses--consisting of nanometer-sized glassy regions connected by interfaces--are that their properties may be controlled by varying their chemical and/or defect microstructures, and that their interfaces have a new kind of non-crystalline structure. By utilizing these new features, an age of new technologies based on non-crystalline materials (a "glass age") may be initiated.

KEYWORDS:

crystalline materials; nanoglasses; non-crystalline materials

PMID:
26756322
DOI:
10.1002/smll.201500899

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