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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989 Sep;161(3):753-6.

Macrosomia in the postdate pregnancy: is routine ultrasonographic screening indicated?

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  • 1Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bronx, NY 10461.


Macrosomia is a potential but often overlooked consequence of the postdate pregnancy. A total of 317 consecutive patients with well-dated pregnancies who were seen because of fetal surveillance at greater than 41 weeks' gestation had an estimation of the fetal weight based on femur length and abdominal circumference at the initial visit. The incidence of macrosomia at 41 weeks' gestation was 25.5%. There was a higher incidence of cesarean section because of arrest and protraction disorders in the postdate pregnancies in which the infant was macrosomic (22%) versus those in which the infant was not macrosomic (10%, p less than 0.01). In a control group of 100 consecutive women delivered between 38 and 40 weeks' gestation, the incidence of macrosomia was 4%, significantly lower than the rate in the postdate patients (p less than 0.01). Incidence of cesarean section because of arrest and protraction disorders was significantly lower in this group (6%, p less than 0.05). The sensitivity and specificity of an estimated fetal weight greater than 4000 gm to predict a birth weight greater than 4000 gm were 60.5% and 90.7%, respectively, with a positive predictive value of 70% and a negative predictive value of 87%. We conclude that routine ultrasonographic screening for macrosomia may be a valuable adjunct to current fetal surveillance protocols used in the postdate pregnancy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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