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Cell Rep. 2016 Jan 12;14(2):225-33. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2015.12.040. Epub 2015 Dec 31.

Quantitative Analysis of Delta-like 1 Membrane Dynamics Elucidates the Role of Contact Geometry on Notch Signaling.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel.
2
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel. Electronic address: davidsp@post.tau.ac.il.

Abstract

Notch signaling is ubiquitously used to coordinate differentiation between adjacent cells across metazoans. Whereas Notch pathway components have been studied extensively, the effect of membrane distribution and dynamics of Notch receptors and ligands remains poorly understood. It is also unclear how cellular morphology affects these distributions and, ultimately, the signaling between cells. Here, we combine live-cell imaging and mathematical modeling to address these questions. We use a FRAP-TIRF assay to measure the diffusion and endocytosis rates of Delta-like 1 (Dll1) in mammalian cells. We find large cell-to-cell variability in the diffusion coefficients of Dll1 measured in single cells within the same population. Using a simple reaction-diffusion model, we show how membrane dynamics and cell morphology affect cell-cell signaling. We find that differences in the diffusion coefficients, as observed experimentally, can dramatically affect signaling between cells. Together, these results elucidate how membrane dynamics and cellular geometry can affect cell-cell signaling.

KEYWORDS:

Notch signaling; diffusion; membrane dynamics

PMID:
26748704
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2015.12.040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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