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Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Jul;95(7):507-15. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000425.

Myofascial Release Therapy in the Treatment of Occupational Mechanical Neck Pain: A Randomized Parallel Group Study.

Author information

1
From the Department of Functional Biology and Health Sciences, University of Vigo, HealthyFit Research Group, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica (IBI), Xerencia de Xestión Integrada de Pontevedra-SERGAS, Spain (IR-F); Department of Medicine, University of A Coruña, Grupo de Terapia Celular y Medicina Regenerativa, INIBIC, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), Spain (FJDT, RM-F, IMF-B); and Department of Functional Biology and Health Sciences, University of Vigo, Spain (GR-F, IMdO).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

As myofascial release therapy is currently under development, the objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of myofascial release therapy with manual therapy for treating occupational mechanical neck pain.

DESIGN:

A randomized, single-blind parallel group study was developed. The sample (n = 59) was divided into GI, treated with manual therapy, and GII, treated with myofascial release therapy. Variables studied were intensity of neck pain, cervical disability, quality of life, craniovertebral angle, and ranges of cervical motion.

RESULTS:

At five sessions, clinical significance was observed in both groups for all the variables studied, except for flexion in GI. At this time point, an intergroup statistical difference was observed, which showed that GII had better craniovertebral angle (P = 0.014), flexion (P = 0.021), extension (P = 0.003), right side bending (P = 0.001), and right rotation (P = 0.031). A comparative analysis between therapies after intervention showed statistical differences indicating that GII had better craniovertebral angle (P = 0.000), right (P = 0.000) and left (P = 0.009) side bending, right (P = 0.024) and left (P = 0.046) rotations, and quality of life.

CONCLUSIONS:

The treatment of occupational mechanical neck pain by myofascial release therapy seems to be more effective than manual therapy for correcting the advanced position of the head, recovering range of motion in side bending and rotation, and improving quality of life.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02348268.

PMID:
26745225
DOI:
10.1097/PHM.0000000000000425
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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