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ScienceOpen Res. 2015;2015. doi: 10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-LIFE.A181CU.v1. Epub 2014 Dec 22.

MicroRNAs: an emerging player in autophagy.

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1
Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Abstract

Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved self-digestion process for the quality control of intracellular entities in eukaryotes. In the past few years, mounting evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs)-mediated post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression represents an integral part of the autophagy regulatory network and may have a substantial effect on autophagy-related physiological and pathological conditions including cancer. Herein, we examine some of the molecular mechanisms by which miRNAs manipulate the autophagic machinery to maintain cellular homeostasis and their biological outputs during cancer development. A better understanding of interaction between miRNAs and cellular autophagy may ultimately benefit future cancer diagnostic and anticancer therapeutics.

KEYWORDS:

Autophagy; Cancer; MicroRNA

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