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Science. 2016 Jan 8;351(6269):180-6. doi: 10.1126/science.aad3460.

The structure of the β-barrel assembly machinery complex.

Author information

1
Markey Center for Structural Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
2
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
3
Markey Center for Structural Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. nnoinaj@purdue.edu.

Abstract

β-Barrel outer membrane proteins (OMPs) are found in the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria and are essential for nutrient import, signaling, and adhesion. A 200-kilodalton five-component complex called the β-barrel assembly machinery (BAM) complex has been implicated in the biogenesis of OMPs. We report the structure of the BAM complex from Escherichia coli, revealing that binding of BamCDE modulates the conformation of BamA, the central component, which may serve to regulate the BAM complex. The periplasmic domain of BamA was in a closed state that prevents access to the barrel lumen, which indicates substrate OMPs may not be threaded through the barrel during biogenesis. Further, conformational shifts in the barrel domain lead to opening of the exit pore and rearrangement at the lateral gate.

PMID:
26744406
PMCID:
PMC4883095
DOI:
10.1126/science.aad3460
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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