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Appetite. 2016 Apr 1;99:76-81. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2015.12.029. Epub 2015 Dec 30.

My child at mealtime: A visually enhanced self-assessment of feeding styles for low-income parents of preschoolers.

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University of California, Davis, USA. Electronic address:
Caldwell University, USA.
California State University, Sacramento, USA.
University of California, Davis, USA.


The importance of caregiver feeding styles on children's dietary outcomes is well documented. However, the instruments used to assess feeding style are limited by high literacy demands, making selfassessment with low-income audiences challenging. The purpose of the current study is to report on the development of My Child at Mealtime (MCMT), a self-assessment tool with reduced literacy demands, designed to measure feeding styles with parents of preschool-aged children. Cognitive interviews were conducted with 44 Head Start parents of 2-5 year old children to develop question wording and identify appropriate visuals. The resulting tool was administered to 119 ethnically diverse, low-income parents of 2-5 year old children. Factor analysis resulted in a two-factor structure that reflects responsiveness and demandingness in a manner consistent with existing assessment tools. Results indicate the final visually enhanced MCMT self-assessment tool provides a measure of parenting style consistent with existing measures, while reducing the literacy demand.

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