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Eat Behav. 2016 Apr;21:41-7. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2015.12.007. Epub 2015 Dec 18.

Food cravings, binge eating, and eating disorder psychopathology: Exploring the moderating roles of gender and race.

Author information

1
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address: arichao@nursing.upenn.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States; Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States; CASAColumbia, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States; CASAColumbia, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States; Yale Stress Center, New Haven, CT, United States.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the moderating effects of gender and race on the relationships among food cravings, binge eating, and eating disorder psychopathology in a community sample.

METHODS:

Data were collected from a convenience sample of 320 adults (53% male; mean age 28.5±8.2years; mean BMI 27.1±5.2kg/m(2); mean education 15.1±2.2years; 64% white, 24% black, and 13% other race) participating in a cross-sectional study examining the interactions between stress, self-control and addiction. Participants completed a comprehensive assessment panel including a demographic questionnaire, the Food Craving Inventory, and Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression for binge eating behavior and multiple linear regression for eating disorder psychopathology.

RESULTS:

Overall, food cravings demonstrated significant main effects for binge eating behavior (adjusted OR=2.65, p<.001) and global eating disorder psychopathology (B=.47±.09, p<.001). Females had a stronger relationship between food cravings and eating disorder psychopathology than males; there were no statistically significant differences by race.

CONCLUSION:

These findings, based on a diverse sample recruited from the community, suggest that food cravings are associated with binge eating and eating disorder psychopathology and may represent an important target for interventions.

KEYWORDS:

Binge eating; Food cravings; Gender; Race

PMID:
26741258
PMCID:
PMC4851566
DOI:
10.1016/j.eatbeh.2015.12.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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