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Psychiatry Res. 2016 Feb 28;236:112-8. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.12.022. Epub 2015 Dec 17.

Extreme sensory processing patterns and their relation with clinical conditions among individuals with major affective disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel.
2
Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, Section of Psychiatry, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
3
Inserm, U1144, Paris F-75006, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMR-S 1144, Paris F-75013, France; Université Paris Descartes, UMR-S 1144, Paris F-75006, France; AP-HP, GH Saint-Louis - Lariboisière - F. Widal, Pôle de Psychiatrie et de Médecine Addictologique, 75475 Paris cedex 10, France; Fondation FondaMental, Créteil 94000, France.
4
Department of Neurosciences, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant'Andrea Hospital, University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
5
Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, Section of Psychiatry, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy. Electronic address: gianluca.serafini@unige.it.

Abstract

Previous studies highlighted the involvement of sensory perception in emotional processes. However, the role of extreme sensory processing patterns expressed in hyper- or hyposensitivity was not thoroughly considered. The present study, in real life conditions, examined the unique sensory processing patterns of individuals with major affective disorders and their relationship with psychiatric symptomatology. The sample consisted of 105 participants with major affective conditions ranging in age from 20 to 84 years (mean=56.7±14.6). All participants completed the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego (TEMPS-A), the second version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile (AASP). Sensory sensitivity/avoiding hypersensitivity patterns and low registration (a hyposensitivity pattern) were prevalent among our sample as compared to normative data. About seventy percent of the sample showed lower seeking tendency. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that depression and anxious/cyclothymic affective temperaments were predicted by sensory sensory/avoiding. Anxious and irritable affective temperaments were predicted by low registration. Hyperthymic affective temperament and lower severity of depression were predicted by sensation seeking. Hyposensitivity or hypersensitivity may be "trait" markers of individuals with major affective disorders. Interventions should refer to the individual unique sensory profiles and their behavioral and functional impact in the context of real life.

KEYWORDS:

Affective temperaments; Hypersensitivity; Major affective disorders; Sensation seeking; Sensory processing disorders

PMID:
26738981
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2015.12.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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