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Nutrition. 2016 Mar;32(3):394-6. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2015.10.016. Epub 2015 Nov 10.

Transient severe hypercholesterolemia following bariatric surgery treated successfully with increased food intake.

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Tawam Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Tawam Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates (UAE) University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:


We describe a case of transient severe hypercholesterolemia after bariatric surgery treated successfully with increased food intake. A 25-y-old policeman who had sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity 10 mo previously presented with generalized weakness, constipation, and significant weight loss after severe dietary restriction. All his preoperative and prior investigations were normal. Further investigation revealed severe total and low-density lipoprotein hypercholesterolemia. After all other causes of secondary hypercholesterolemia were excluded, a diagnosis of starvation-induced hypercholesterolemia was made. The patient was therefore started on a normal mixed diet gradually increased to achieve satiation. His dietary intake, body weight, and lipid profile were monitored over a 3-mo period. Eventually his symptoms abated, weight increased, and lipid profile returned back to normal levels. Although dietary management of failed weight loss after bariatric surgery is the main priority for health professionals, this case illustrates the possible harm of severe dietary restriction after surgery and the need for judicious dietary and nutritional management.


Bariatric surgery; Hypercholsterolemia; Starvation

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