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Am J Health Promot. 2017 Jul;31(4):340-342. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.150515-ARB-882. Epub 2016 Jan 5.

Light-Intensity Physical Activity and All-Cause Mortality.

Author information

1
1 Center for Health Behavior Research, School of Applied Sciences, Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Research demonstrates that moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality. Few studies have examined the effects of light-intensity physical activity on mortality. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the association between objectively measured light-intensity physical activity and all-cause mortality risk.

DESIGN:

Longitudinal.

SETTING:

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2006 with follow-up through December 31, 2011.

SUBJECTS:

Five thousand five hundred seventy-five U.S. adults.

MEASURES:

Participants wore an accelerometer for at least 4 days and completed questionnaires to assess sociodemographics and chronic disease information, with blood samples taken to assess biological markers. Follow-up mortality status was assessed via death certificate data from the National Death Index.

ANALYSIS:

Cox proportional hazard model.

RESULTS:

After adjusting for accelerometer-determined MVPA, age, gender, race-ethnicity, cotinine, weight status, poverty level, C-reactive protein, and comorbid illness, for every 60-minute increase in accelerometer-determined light-intensity physical activity, participants had a 16% reduced hazard of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio = .84; 95% confidence interval: .78-.91; p < .001).

CONCLUSION:

In this national sample of U.S. adults, light-intensity physical activity was inversely associated with all-cause mortality risk, independent of age, MVPA, and other potential confounders. In addition to MVPA, promotion of light-intensity physical activity is warranted.

KEYWORDS:

Accelerometry, Chronic Disease, Epidemiology, Exercise, Mortality, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), Prevention Research. Manuscript format: research; Health focus: physical activity; Outcome measure: mortality; Research purpose: modeling/relationship testing; Setting: national; Strategy: education, behavior change; Study design: longitudinal; Target population age: adults; Target population circumstances: education

PMID:
26730555
DOI:
10.4278/ajhp.150515-ARB-882
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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