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Indian J Surg. 2015 Dec;77(Suppl 2):314-8. doi: 10.1007/s12262-013-0816-5. Epub 2013 Jan 26.

The Factors Effecting Lymphovascular Invasion in Adenocarcinoma of the Colon and Rectum.

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4th General Surgery Department, Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
Pathology Department, Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.


Adenocarcinomas of the colon and rectum are the most common gastrointestinal malignancy, and lymph node metastases are established as a prognostic factor. Lymphovascular invasion has been recognized as an indication of lymph node metastases. This prompted us to investigate the features of primary tumor that may serve as a risk factor for lymphovascular invasion in colorectal carcinoma. Clinical and pathologic tissue data of colorectal carcinoma treated in our hospital were retrieved from the computer files at Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, from June 1998 to December 2010, retrospectively. We excluded all patients who have two-thirds distal rectal carcinoma to rule out neoadjuvant treatment bias. Tissues from the specimens were stained with standard hematoxylin and eosin. Clinical data including age and sex of patient, location and diameter of tumor, perineural invasion, peritumoral lymphocytic infiltration, tumor grade, lymphovascular invasion, Pathologic T level (pT), and lymph node metastasis were recorded. Lymphovascular invasion was present only in 43 patients out of 108. Only pT and lymph node metastases were found to be statistically significant related to lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.04 and p < 0.001). Perineural invasion, pT, and peritumoral lymphocytic infiltration are the factors with p < 0.2 in the univariate analysis that were investigated with multivariate analysis, but no factor was found as an independent prognostic factor for lymphovascular invasion. Lymphovascular invasion is significantly related to lymph node metastases. Only pT is found as a factor that increases the lymphovascular invasion.


Colorectal adenocarcinoma; Lymph node metastasis; Lymphovascular invasion

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