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Nat Neurosci. 2016 Feb;19(2):335-46. doi: 10.1038/nn.4216. Epub 2016 Jan 4.

Adult mouse cortical cell taxonomy revealed by single cell transcriptomics.

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1
Allen Institute for Brain Science, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Abstract

Nervous systems are composed of various cell types, but the extent of cell type diversity is poorly understood. We constructed a cellular taxonomy of one cortical region, primary visual cortex, in adult mice on the basis of single-cell RNA sequencing. We identified 49 transcriptomic cell types, including 23 GABAergic, 19 glutamatergic and 7 non-neuronal types. We also analyzed cell type-specific mRNA processing and characterized genetic access to these transcriptomic types by many transgenic Cre lines. Finally, we found that some of our transcriptomic cell types displayed specific and differential electrophysiological and axon projection properties, thereby confirming that the single-cell transcriptomic signatures can be associated with specific cellular properties.

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PMID:
26727548
PMCID:
PMC4985242
DOI:
10.1038/nn.4216
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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