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Annu Rev Psychol. 2016;67:105-34. doi: 10.1146/annurev-psych-113011-143733.

Episodic Memory and Beyond: The Hippocampus and Neocortex in Transformation.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G3, Canada; email: momos@psych.utoronto.ca.
2
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Center, Toronto, Ontario, M6A 2E1 Canada.
3
Department of Psychology, Baycrest Center, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada.
4
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708; email: cabeza@duke.edu.
5
Department of Psychology, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario K9J 7B8, Canada.
6
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5T 1R8, Canada; email: gwinocur@research.baycrest.org.
7
Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721; email: nadel@u.arizona.edu.

Abstract

The last decade has seen dramatic technological and conceptual changes in research on episodic memory and the brain. New technologies, and increased use of more naturalistic observations, have enabled investigators to delve deeply into the structures that mediate episodic memory, particularly the hippocampus, and to track functional and structural interactions among brain regions that support it. Conceptually, episodic memory is increasingly being viewed as subject to lifelong transformations that are reflected in the neural substrates that mediate it. In keeping with this dynamic perspective, research on episodic memory (and the hippocampus) has infiltrated domains, from perception to language and from empathy to problem solving, that were once considered outside its boundaries. Using the component process model as a framework, and focusing on the hippocampus, its subfields, and specialization along its longitudinal axis, along with its interaction with other brain regions, we consider these new developments and their implications for the organization of episodic memory and its contribution to functions in other domains.

KEYWORDS:

episodic memory; frontal cortex; hippocampus; parietal cortex; schema; transformation

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