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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2015 Nov;15(11):8912-6.

Effect of Amount of Aluminum on the Performance of Si-Al Codeposited Anodes for Lithium Batteries.


Silicon is considered one of the most promising anode materials for high-performance Li-ion batteries due to its 4000 mAh/g theoretical specific capacity, relative abundance, low cost, and environmental benignity. However, silicon experiences a dramatic volume change (-300%) during full charge/discharge cycling, leading to severe capacity decay and poor cycling stability. Here, we report Si-Al codeposited anode material for Li-ion batteries. The Si-Al thin films were deposited by co-deposition from Si and Al target on nickel substrate. The composition of Si and Al in the film is estimated by energy-dispersive spectroscopy. The XRD and SEM analysis revealed that the Si-Al thin films were amorphous in structure. The electrochemical performance of the Si-Al thin film as anode material for lithium ion battery was investigated by the charge/discharge tests. Galvanostatic half-cell electrochemical measurements were conducted in between 0 mV to 2 V using a Li counter electrode, demonstrating that the Al rich Si-Al thin film achieved a good cycleability up to 100 cycles with a high capacity retention. Si-Al sample having 11.04% Al shows capacity 825 mAh/g over the 100 cycles.


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