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Int Urol Nephrol. 2016 Mar;48(3):335-42. doi: 10.1007/s11255-015-1184-9. Epub 2016 Jan 2.

Is steroids therapy effective in treating phimosis? A meta-analysis.

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Department of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
The Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.



We evaluated a systematic review on the therapeutic efficacy of topical steroids in children with phimosis to provide data for the clinical options of pediatric phimosis.


We searched the related original studies on topical steroid therapy in pediatric phimosis before August 2014. Two reviewers independently performed the study selection, data extraction, risk of bias and reporting quality assessment with confirmation by cross-checking. The quality of eligible studies was appraised with the 'Cochrane handbook.' The meta-analysis was performed by REVMAN 5.2 software.


Eleven studies were included with 1669 patients among which 1093 received topical steroids and 576 cases treated with placebo or only manual reduction. Significant difference of the treatment efficacy was detected among the three methods [OR 7.46, 95 % CI (4.42, 12.58), p < 0.00001]. In subgroup analysis, significant difference of the treatment efficacy was also detected whether with placebo or manual reduction only [respectively, OR 5.04, 95 % CI (3.19, 7.95), p < 0.00001; OR 16.28, 95 % CI (6.06, 43.69), p < 0.00001].


Compared to the placebo or manual reduction method, the topical steroid therapy is more effective in the treatment of phimosis in children. Although there is still controversy in the different type and dosage of steroid, this could be used against phimosis before circumcision.


Meta-analysis; Pediatric phimosis; Phimosis; Topical steroids

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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