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Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2016 Feb;21(1):57-65. doi: 10.1016/j.siny.2015.12.003. Epub 2015 Dec 24.

Neonatal manifestations of inherited bone marrow failure syndromes.

Author information

1
Clinical Genetics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
2
Clinical Genetics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: savagesh@mail.nih.gov.

Abstract

The inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFS) are a rare yet clinically important cause of neonatal hematological and non-hematological manifestations. Many of these syndromes, such as Fanconi anemia, dyskeratosis congenita and Diamond-Blackfan anemia, confer risks of multiple medical complications later in life, including an increased risk of cancer. Some IBMFS may present with cytopenias in the neonatal period whereas others may present only with congenital physical abnormalities and progress to pancytopenia later in life. A thorough family history and detailed physical examination are integral to the work-up of any neonate in whom there is a high index of suspicion for an IBMFS. Correct detection and diagnosis of these disorders is important for appropriate long-term medical surveillance and counseling not only for the patient but also for appropriate genetic counselling of their families regarding recurrence risks in future children and generations.

KEYWORDS:

Bone marrow failure; Cancer; Cytopenia; Dyskeratosis congenita; Fanconi anemia; Neonate

PMID:
26724991
PMCID:
PMC4747853
DOI:
10.1016/j.siny.2015.12.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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