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J Affect Disord. 2016 Mar 1;192:125-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.12.024. Epub 2015 Dec 23.

Delineating ADHD and bipolar disorder: A comparison of clinical profiles in adult women.

Author information

1
King's College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IOPPN), London, UK.
2
King's College London, MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IOPPN), London, UK.
3
Clinical Neurosciences Studies Center, Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, United States.
4
Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London, UK.
5
King's College London, MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IOPPN), London, UK. Electronic address: philip.asherson@kcl.ac.uk.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Overlapping symptoms can make the diagnostic differentiation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder (BD) challenging in adults using current clinical assessments. This study sought to determine if current clinical measures delineate ADHD from BD in adults, comparing relative levels of ADHD, BD and emotional lability (EL) symptoms.

METHODS:

Sixty adult women with ADHD, BD or controls were compared on self-report and interview measures for ADHD symptoms, mania, depression, EL, and impairment.

RESULTS:

ADHD interview measures and self-ratings of ADHD symptoms best discriminated between ADHD and BD. Self-report measures of EL and depression showed non-specific enhancement in both clinical groups. BD-specific items may distinguish BD from ADHD if a retrospective time-frame is adopted.

CONCLUSIONS:

Using measures which capture specific symptoms of ADHD and chronicity/episodicity of symptoms facilitates the delineation of ADHD from BD in adult women.

KEYWORDS:

Adults; Attention/deficit Hyperactivity-disorder; Bipolar disorder; Diagnostic errors; Mood disorders

PMID:
26724691
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2015.12.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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