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Injury. 2016 Apr;47(4):797-804. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2015.11.045. Epub 2015 Dec 13.

Chest wall thickness and decompression failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing anatomic locations in needle thoracostomy.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, United States. Electronic address: Laan.Danuel@mayo.edu.
2
Mayo Clinic, Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, United States. Electronic address: Vu.TrangNDiem@mayo.edu.
3
Department of General Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, United States. Electronic address: Thiels.Cornelius@mayo.edu.
4
Department of General Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, United States. Electronic address: pandian.twinkle@mayo.edu.
5
Division of Trauma, Critical Care, and General Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, United States. Electronic address: Schiller.Henry@mayo.edu.
6
Division of Preventive, Occupational, and Aerospace Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, United States. Electronic address: Murad.Mohammad@mayo.edu.
7
Department of General Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, United States; Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, United States. Electronic address: aho.johnathon@mayo.edu.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Current Advanced Trauma Life Support guidelines recommend decompression for thoracic tension physiology using a 5-cm angiocatheter at the second intercostal space (ICS) on the midclavicular line (MCL). High failure rates occur. Through systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to determine the chest wall thickness (CWT) of the 2nd ICS-MCL, the 4th/5th ICS at the anterior axillary line (AAL), the 4th/5th ICS mid axillary line (MAL) and needle thoracostomy failure rates using the currently recommended 5-cm angiocatheter.

METHODS:

A comprehensive search of several databases from their inception to July 24, 2014 was conducted. The search was limited to the English language, and all study populations were included. Studies were appraised by two independent reviewers according to a priori defined PRISMA inclusion and exclusion criteria. Continuous outcomes (CWT) were evaluated using weighted mean difference and binary outcomes (failure with 5-cm needle) were assessed using incidence rate. Outcomes were pooled using the random-effects model.

RESULTS:

The search resulted in 34,652 studies of which 15 were included for CWT analysis, 13 for NT effectiveness. Mean CWT was 42.79 mm (95% CI, 38.78-46.81) at 2nd ICS-MCL, 39.85 mm (95% CI, 28.70-51.00) at MAL, and 34.33 mm (95% CI, 28.20-40.47) at AAL (P=.08). Mean failure rate was 38% (95% CI, 24-54) at 2nd ICS-MCL, 31% (95% CI, 10-64) at MAL, and 13% (95% CI, 8-22) at AAL (P=.01).

CONCLUSION:

Evidence from observational studies suggests that the 4th/5th ICS-AAL has the lowest predicted failure rate of needle decompression in multiple populations.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level 3 SR/MA with up to two negative criteria.

STUDY TYPE:

Therapeutic.

KEYWORDS:

Needle decompression; Needle decompression location; Needle thoracostomy; Optimal positioning; Tension pneumothorax

PMID:
26724173
PMCID:
PMC4976926
DOI:
10.1016/j.injury.2015.11.045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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