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Clin Rehabil. 2017 Jan;31(1):82-92. doi: 10.1177/0269215515623601. Epub 2016 Jul 10.

A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the feasibility of the Wii Fit for improving walking in older adults with lower limb amputation.

Author information

1
1 Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
2
2 Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
3
3 Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
4
4 Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the feasibility of Wii.n.Walk for improving walking capacity in older adults with lower limb amputation.

DESIGN:

A parallel, evaluator-blind randomized controlled feasibility trial.

SETTING:

Community-living.

PARTICIPANTS:

Individuals who were ⩾50 years old with a unilateral lower limb amputation.

INTERVENTION:

Wii.n.Walk consisted of Wii Fit training, 3x/week (40 minute sessions), for 4 weeks. Training started in the clinic in groups of 3 and graduated to unsupervised home training. Control group were trained using cognitive games.

MAIN MEASURES:

Feasibility indicators: trial process (recruitment, retention, participants' perceived benefit from the Wii.n.Walk intervention measured by exit questionnaire), resources (adherence), management (participant processing, blinding), and treatment (adverse event, and Cohen's d effect size and variance). Primary clinical outcome: walking capacity measured using the 2 Minute Walk Test at baseline, end of treatment, and 3-week retention.

RESULTS:

Of 28 randomized participants, 24 completed the trial (12/arm). Median (range) age was 62.0 (50-78) years. Mean (SD) score for perceived benefit from the Wii.n.Walk intervention was 38.9/45 (6.8). Adherence was 83.4%. The effect sizes for the 2 Minute Walk Test were 0.5 (end of treatment) and 0.6 (3-week retention) based on intention to treat with imputed data; and 0.9 (end of treatment) and 1.2 (3-week retention) based on per protocol analysis. The required sample size for a future larger RCT was deemed to be 72 (36 per arm).

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggested the feasibility of the Wii.n.Walk with a medium effect size for improving walking capacity. Future larger randomized controlled trials investigating efficacy are warranted.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; amputation; randomized controlled trial; video games; walking

PMID:
26721873
DOI:
10.1177/0269215515623601
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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