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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;892:351-376. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-25304-6_15.

Candida Efflux ATPases and Antiporters in Clinical Drug Resistance.

Author information

1
Membrane Biology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 110067, India. rp47jnu@gmail.com.
2
AMITY Institute of Integrative Sciences and Health (AIISH), Amity University Haryana, Manesar, Gurgaon, Haryana, India. rp47jnu@gmail.com.
3
Membrane Biology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 110067, India.

Abstract

An enhanced expression of genes encoding ATP binding cassette (ABC) and major facilitator superfamily (MFS) transport proteins are known to contribute to the development of tolerance to antifungals in pathogenic yeasts. For example, the azole resistant (AR) clinical isolates of the opportunistic human fungal pathogen Candida albicans show an overexpression of CDR1 and/or CaMDR1 belonging to ABC and MFS, superfamilies, respectively. The reduced accumulation (due to rapid efflux) of drugs in AR isolates confirms the role of efflux pump proteins in the development of drug tolerance. Considering the importance of major multidrug transporters, the focus of recent research has been to understand the structure and function of these proteins which could help to design inhibitors/modulators of these pump proteins. This chapter focuses on some aspects of the structure and function of yeast transporter proteins particularly in relation to MDR in Candida.

KEYWORDS:

ABC transporters; CaMdr1p; Cdr1p; Drug resistance; MFS transporters

PMID:
26721282
DOI:
10.1007/978-3-319-25304-6_15
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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