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Biotechnol Lett. 2016 Apr;38(4):561-71. doi: 10.1007/s10529-015-2031-x. Epub 2015 Dec 31.

Biotechnological applications in in vitro plant regeneration studies of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica), an important vegetable crop.

Author information

1
Department of Biotechnology, Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, 173230, India.
2
Department of Biotechnology, Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, 173230, India. dksuhf89@gmail.com.

Abstract

Biotechnology holds promise for genetic improvement of important vegetable crops. Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) is an important vegetable crop of the family Brassicaceae. However, various biotic and abiotic stresses cause enormous crop yield losses during commercial cultivation of broccoli. Establishment of a reliable, reproducible and efficient in vitro plant regeneration system with cell and tissue culture is a vital prerequisite for biotechnological application of crop improvement programme. An in vitro plant regeneration technique refers to culturing, cell division, cell multiplication, de-differentiation and differentiation of cells, protoplasts, tissues and organs on defined liquid/solid medium under aseptic and controlled environment. Recent progress in the field of plant tissue culture has made this area one of the most dynamic and promising in experimental biology. There are many published reports on in vitro plant regeneration studies in broccoli including direct organogenesis, indirect organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis. This review summarizes those plant regeneration studies in broccoli that could be helpful in drawing the attention of the researchers and scientists to work on it to produce healthy, biotic and abiotic stress resistant plant material and to carry out genetic transformation studies for the production of transgenic plants.

KEYWORDS:

Brassica oleracea; Micropropagation; Organogenesis; Plant biotechnology; Somatic embryogenesis

PMID:
26721234
DOI:
10.1007/s10529-015-2031-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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