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Environ Monit Assess. 2016 Jan;188(1):64. doi: 10.1007/s10661-015-5022-4. Epub 2015 Dec 30.

The influence of effective microorganisms (EM) and yeast on the degradation of strobilurins and carboxamides in leafy vegetables monitored by LC-MS/MS and health risk assessment.

Author information

1
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska Str. 45 E, 15-351, Bialystok, Poland. elzbietawolejko@wp.pl.
2
Plant Protection Institute - National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station, Pesticide Residue Laboratory, Chełmońskiego Str. 22, 15-195, Bialystok, Poland. b.lozowicka@iorpib.poznan.pl.
3
Plant Protection Institute - National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station, Pesticide Residue Laboratory, Chełmońskiego Str. 22, 15-195, Bialystok, Poland.
4
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska Str. 45 E, 15-351, Bialystok, Poland.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the behaviour of strobilurin and carbocyamides commonly used in chemical protection of lettuce depending on carefully selected effective microorganisms (EM) and yeast (Y). Additionally, the assessment of the chronic health risk during a 2-week experiment was performed. The statistical method for correlation of physico-chemical parameters and time of degradation for pesticides was applied. In this study, the concentration of azoxystrobin, boscalid, pyraclostrobin and iprodione using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in the matrix of lettuce plants was performed, and there was no case of concentration above maximum residues levels. Before harvest, four fungicides and their mixture with EM (1 % and 10 %) and/or yeast 5 % were applied. In our work, the mixtures of 1%EM + Y and 10%EM + Y both stimulated and inhibited the degradation of the tested active substances. Adding 10%EM to the test substances strongly inhibited the degradation of iprodione, and its concentration decreased by 30 %, and in the case of other test substances, the degradation was approximately 60 %. Moreover, the addition of yeast stimulated the distribution of pyraclostrobin and boscalid in lettuce leaves. The risk assessment for the pesticides ranged from 0.4 to 64.8 % on day 1, but after 14 days, it ranged from 0.0 to 20.9 % for children and adults, respectively. It indicated no risk of adverse effects following exposure to individual pesticides and their mixtures with EM and yeast.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic risk analysis; Fungicides; LC-MS/MS; Lettuce; Microorganisms

PMID:
26718945
PMCID:
PMC4696979
DOI:
10.1007/s10661-015-5022-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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