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PLoS One. 2015 Dec 30;10(12):e0145648. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0145648. eCollection 2015.

Prediction of Intra-Species Protein-Protein Interactions in Enteropathogens Facilitating Systems Biology Study.

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Biomedical Informatics Centre, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Bioinformatics Centre, Bose Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Division of Clinical Medicine, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.


Protein-protein interactions in Escherichia coli (E. coli) has been studied extensively using high throughput methods such as tandem affinity purification followed by mass spectrometry and yeast two-hybrid method. This can in turn be used to understand the mechanisms of bacterial cellular processes. However, experimental characterization of such huge amount of interactions data is not available for other important enteropathogens. Here, we propose a support vector machine (SVM)-based prediction model using the known PPIs data of E. coli that can be used to predict PPIs in other enteropathogens, such as Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella Typhi, Shigella flexneri and Yersinia entrocolitica. Different features such as domain-domain association (DDA), network topology, and sequence information were used in developing the SVM model. The proposed model using DDA, degree and amino acid composition features has achieved an accuracy of 82% and 62% on 5-fold cross validation and blind E. coli datasets, respectively. The predicted interactions were validated by Gene Ontology (GO) semantic similarity measure and String PPIs database (experimental PPIs only). Finally, we have developed a user-friendly webserver named EnPPIpred to predict intra-species PPIs in enteropathogens, which will be of great help for the experimental biologists. The webserver EnPPIpred is freely available at

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