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Int J Hematol. 2016 Mar;103(3):316-21. doi: 10.1007/s12185-015-1925-7. Epub 2015 Dec 29.

Phase I study of once weekly treatment with bortezomib in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.

Author information

1
Department of Hematology and Oncology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-chou, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 467-8601, Japan.
2
Department of Hematology and Oncology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-chou, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 467-8601, Japan. rrmasaki@ybb.ne.jp.

Abstract

Proteasome inhibitors (PIs) in combination with immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) have been shown to be effective against relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). To determine the optimal dosing schedule of once weekly bortezomib (BTZ) combined with lenalidomide (LEN) and dexamethasone (DEX), especially in the outpatient setting, we conducted a phase I dose escalation study. A 21-day cycle of BTZ 1.3 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8, LEN 10 mg/day (cohort 1) or 15 mg/day (cohort 2) on days 1-14, and DEX 20 mg/day on days 1, 2, 8, and 9 was administered. Three patients were enrolled in each cohort. No dose-limiting toxicity was observed in either cohort. Although hematological toxicities estimated as >grade 3 were common, non-hematological toxicities of grade 3 or higher were rare. Two cases of newly diagnosed peripheral neuropathy (PN) were observed, while no grade 3/4 PN was observed. Two patients achieved partial response and two achieved stable disease. The recommended doses of BTZ and LEN were determined to be 1.3 mg/m(2) and 15 mg, respectively. Combination therapy of once weekly BTZ with LEN and DEX was well tolerated and shows promise as a regimen for patients with RRMM previously treated with both PIs and IMiDs.

KEYWORDS:

BLd; Bortezomib; Lenalidomide; Multiple myeloma; Refractory

PMID:
26715148
DOI:
10.1007/s12185-015-1925-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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