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Biomaterials. 2016 Mar;81:1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.12.006. Epub 2015 Dec 15.

Intra-articular delivery of sinomenium encapsulated by chitosan microspheres and photo-crosslinked GelMA hydrogel ameliorates osteoarthritis by effectively regulating autophagy.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China; Key Laboratory of Biotherapy of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, China.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China; Key Laboratory of Biotherapy of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address: shunwu_fan@163.com.

Abstract

Reduced expression of autophagy regulators has been observed in pathological cartilage in humans and mice. The present study aimed to investigate the synergistic therapeutic effect of promotion of chondrocyte autophagy via exposure to sinomenium (SIN) encapsulated by chitosan microspheres (CM-SIN) and photo-crosslinked gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogel, with the goal of evaluating CM-SIN as a treatment for patients with osteoarthritis. First, we fabricated and characterized GelMA hydrogels and chitosan microspheres. Next, we measured the effect of SIN on cartilage matrix degradation induced by IL1-β in chondrocytes and an ex vivo model. SIN ameliorated the pathological changes induced by IL1-β at least partially through activation of autophagy. Moreover, we surgically induced osteoarthritis in mice, which were injected intra-articularly with CM-SIN and GelMA. Cartilage matrix degradation and chondrocyte autophagy were evaluated 4 and 8 weeks after surgery. Treatment with the combination of CM-SIN and GelMA retarded the progression of surgically induced OA. SIN ameliorated cartilage matrix degradation at least partially by inducing autophagy in vivo. Our results demonstrate that injection of the combination of GelMA hydrogel and CM-SIN could be a promising strategy for treating patients with osteoarthritis.

KEYWORDS:

Autophagy; Hydrogel; Osteoarthritis; Sinomenium

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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