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PeerJ. 2015 Dec 10;3:e1486. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1486. eCollection 2015.

Low oxygen alters mitochondrial function and response to oxidative stress in human neural progenitor cells.

Author information

1
Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro, RJ , Brazil.
2
IDOR, D'Or Institute for Research and Education , Rio de Janeiro, RJ , Brazil.
3
Institute of Medical Biochemistry Leopoldo De Meis, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro, RJ , Brazil.
4
COPPE, Chemical Engineering Program, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro, RJ , Brazil.
5
Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro, RJ , Brazil ; IDOR, D'Or Institute for Research and Education , Rio de Janeiro, RJ , Brazil.

Abstract

Oxygen concentration should be carefully regulated in all living tissues, beginning at the early embryonic stages. Unbalances in oxygen regulation can lead to cell death and disease. However, to date, few studies have investigated the consequences of variations in oxygen levels for fetal-like cells. Therefore, in the present work, human neural progenitor cells (NPCs) derived from pluripotent stem cells grown in 3% oxygen (v/v) were compared with NPCs cultured in 21% (v/v) oxygen. Low oxygen concentrations altered the mitochondrial content and oxidative functions of the cells, which led to improved ATP production, while reducing generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). NPCs cultured in both conditions showed no differences in proliferation and glucose metabolism. Furthermore, antioxidant enzymatic activity was not altered in NPCs cultured in 3% oxygen under normal conditions, however, when exposed to external agents known to induce oxidative stress, greater susceptibility to DNA damage was observed. Our findings indicate that the management of oxygen levels should be considered for in vitro models of neuronal development and drug screening.

KEYWORDS:

Cell metabolism; DNA damage; Human neural progenitor cells; Low oxygen; Mitochondria; Reactive oxygen species

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