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Exp Neurobiol. 2015 Dec;24(4):257-72. doi: 10.5607/en.2015.24.4.257. Epub 2015 Dec 16.

Genetics of Autism Spectrum Disorder: Current Status and Possible Clinical Applications.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam 13620, Korea.

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is one of the most complex behavioral disorders with a strong genetic influence. The objectives of this article are to review the current status of genetic research in ASD, and to provide information regarding the potential candidate genes, mutations, and genetic loci possibly related to pathogenesis in ASD. Investigations on monogenic causes of ASD, candidate genes among common variants, rare de novo mutations, and copy number variations are reviewed. The current possible clinical applications of the genetic knowledge and their future possibilities are highlighted.

KEYWORDS:

Autism spectrum disorder; Genetic diagnosis; Syndromic autism; de novo mutations

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