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Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Mar;94(3):659-62. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0598. Epub 2015 Dec 28.

The Role of Laboratory Supervision in Improving the Quality of Malaria Diagnosis: A Pilot Study in Huambo, Angola.

Author information

1
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; The MENTOR Initiative Huambo, Angola and West Sussex, United Kingdom; Direccao Provincial de Saude, Ministerio de Saude, Huambo, Angola rluckett@aphmfp.com.
2
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; The MENTOR Initiative Huambo, Angola and West Sussex, United Kingdom; Direccao Provincial de Saude, Ministerio de Saude, Huambo, Angola.

Abstract

In 2006, the Angolan National Malaria Control Program introduced clinical guidelines for malaria case management, which included diagnostic confirmation of malaria before administration of treatment; however, diagnostic practices were inconsistent and of unknown quality. In 2009, a laboratory supervision program was implemented in Huambo Province, with the goal of assessing and improving diagnosis of malaria within the confines of available in-country resources. Supervisions were carried out from 2009 to 2014 using a standardized supervision tool by national laboratory trainers. Data from the first supervision were compared with that from the final supervision. Over the study period, the number and level of training of laboratory technicians increased, and there was a nonstatistically significant trend toward improved laboratory conditions. There was a significant reduction in false-positive microscopy slide reading (P = 0.0133). Laboratory infrastructural capacity to diagnose other communicable diseases, including syphilis, human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus infections (P = 0.0012, 0.0233 and 0.0026, respectively), also improved significantly. Laboratory supervision for malaria diagnosis found significant areas for improvement, and in combination with concurrent capacity-building activities, it improved the diagnostic capacity for malaria and other diseases. Importantly, this study demonstrates that locally available resources can be used to improve the accuracy of malaria diagnosis.

PMID:
26711510
PMCID:
PMC4775904
[Available on 2017-03-02]
DOI:
10.4269/ajtmh.15-0598
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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