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J Bacteriol. 1989 Sep;171(9):4761-6.

Magnesium transport in Salmonella typhimurium: 28Mg2+ transport by the CorA, MgtA, and MgtB systems.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44120.


Three loci in Salmonella typhimurium (corA, mgtA, and mgtB) code for components of distinct Mg2+ transport systems (S. P. Hmiel, M. D. Snavely, J. B. Florer, M. E. Maguire, and C. G. Miller, J. Bacteriol. 171:4742-4751, 1989). Strains carrying one wild-type and two mutant alleles of the three loci were constructed to study the kinetics and specificity of ion transport of each system in isolation. The transport systems had different Km and Vmax values for Mg2+ uptake, and each was inhibited by other divalent cations in a distinct rank order of potency: for CorA, Mg2+ greater than Mn2+ greater than Co2+ greater than Ni2+ greater than Ca2+; for MgtA, Zn2+ greater than or equal to Mg2+ greater than Ni2+ approximately Co2+ greater than Ca2+; and for MgtB, Mg2+ approximately Ni2+ approximately Ni2+ greater than Mn2+ much greater than Ca2+. Other differences among the three systems were apparent. The CorA transport system functioned as a Mg2+-Mg2+ exchange system, mediating both efflux and influx of Mg2+. Neither the MgtA nor the MgtB system could mediate Mg2+ efflux. Transport via the MgtB system was very temperature sensitive; Mg2+ was transported at 37 degrees C but not at 20 degrees C. The MgtA and the MgtB transport systems were found to be regulated by the extracellular concentration of Mg2+.

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