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Obes Rev. 2015 Dec;16 Suppl 2:4-15. doi: 10.1111/obr.12345.

The IDEFICS intervention trial to prevent childhood obesity: design and study methods.

Author information

1
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS, Bremen, Germany.
2
Institute of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
3
USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.
4
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

One of the major research dimensions of the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS) study involved the development, implementation and evaluation of a setting-based community-oriented intervention programme for primary prevention of childhood obesity. In this supplement of Obesity Reviews, a compilation of key results of the IDEFICS intervention is packaged in a series of complementary papers.

OBJECTIVE:

This paper describes the overall design and methods of the IDEFICS intervention in order to facilitate a comprehensive reading of the supplement. In addition, some 'best practice' examples are described.

RESULTS:

The IDEFICS intervention trial was conducted to assess whether the IDEFICS intervention prevented obesity in young children aged 2 to 9.9 years. The study was a non-randomized, quasi-experimental trial with one intervention matched to one control region in each of eight participating countries. The intervention was designed following the intervention mapping framework, using a socio-ecological theoretical approach. The intervention was designed to address several key obesity-related behaviours in children, parents, schools and community actors; the primary outcome was the prevalence of overweight/obesity according to the IOTF criteria based on body mass index. The aim was to achieve a reduction of overweight/obesity prevalence in the intervention regions. The intervention was delivered in school and community settings over a 2-year period. Data were collected in the intervention and control cohort regions at baseline and 2 years later.

CONCLUSION:

This paper offers an introductory framework for a comprehensive reading of this supplement on IDEFICS intervention key results.

KEYWORDS:

Childhood obesity; Europe; evaluation; primary prevention

PMID:
26707012
DOI:
10.1111/obr.12345
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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