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J Biomed Mater Res A. 2016 Apr;104(4):957-65. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.35636. Epub 2016 Jan 13.

Solubilized liver extracellular matrix maintains primary rat hepatocyte phenotype in-vitro.

Author information

1
Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
2
McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
3
Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
4
School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
5
RiMED Foundation, Palermo, 90133, Italy.

Abstract

Whole organ engineering and cell-based regenerative medicine approaches are being investigated as potential therapeutic options for end-stage liver failure. However, a major challenge of these strategies is the loss of hepatic specific function after hepatocytes are removed from their native microenvironment. The objective of the present study was to determine if solubilized liver extracellular matrix (ECM), when used as a media supplement, can better maintain hepatocyte phenotype compared to type I collagen alone or solubilized ECM harvested from a non-liver tissue source. Liver extracellular matrix (LECM) from four different species was isolated via liver tissue decellularization, solubilized, and then used as a media supplement for primary rat hepatocytes (PRH). The four species of LECM investigated were human, porcine, canine and rat. Cell morphology, albumin secretion, and ammonia metabolism were used to assess maintenance of hepatocyte phenotype. Biochemical and mechanical characterization of each LECM were also conducted. Results showed that PRH's supplemented with canine and porcine LECM maintained their phenotype to a greater extent compared to all other groups. PRH's supplemented with canine and porcine LECM showed increased bile production, increased albumin production, and the formation of multinucleate cells. The findings of the present study suggest that solubilized liver ECM can support in-vitro hepatocyte culture and should be considered for therapeutic and diagnostic techniques that utilize hepatocytes.

KEYWORDS:

biologic scaffold; extracellular matrix; hepatocyte culture; liver; tissue engineering

PMID:
26704367
DOI:
10.1002/jbm.a.35636
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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