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Eur Respir J. 2016 Feb;47(2):541-52. doi: 10.1183/13993003.00717-2015. Epub 2015 Dec 23.

Genetic counselling in a national referral centre for pulmonary hypertension.

Author information

1
Université Paris Sud, Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris-Saclay, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France AP-HP, Centre de Référence de l'Hypertension Pulmonaire Sévère, Département Hospitalo-Universitaire (DHU) Thorax Innovation (TORINO), Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France UMR_S999, Université Paris-Sud, INSERM, Laboratoire d'Excellence (LabEx) en Recherche sur le Médicament et l'Innovation Thérapeutique (LERMIT), Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, Le Plessis Robinson, France Both authors contributed equally to this work.
2
Université Paris Sud, Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris-Saclay, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France AP-HP, Centre de Référence de l'Hypertension Pulmonaire Sévère, Département Hospitalo-Universitaire (DHU) Thorax Innovation (TORINO), Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France UMR_S999, Université Paris-Sud, INSERM, Laboratoire d'Excellence (LabEx) en Recherche sur le Médicament et l'Innovation Thérapeutique (LERMIT), Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, Le Plessis Robinson, France.
3
UMR_S956, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, INSERM, Laboratoire d'Oncogénétique et Angiogénétique Moléculaire, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpétrière, Paris, France.
4
Université Paris Sud, Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris-Saclay, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France AP-HP, Centre de Référence de l'Hypertension Pulmonaire Sévère, Département Hospitalo-Universitaire (DHU) Thorax Innovation (TORINO), Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Camperdown, Australia.
5
Université Paris Sud, Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris-Saclay, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France AP-HP, Centre de Référence de l'Hypertension Pulmonaire Sévère, Département Hospitalo-Universitaire (DHU) Thorax Innovation (TORINO), Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France UMR_S999, Université Paris-Sud, INSERM, Laboratoire d'Excellence (LabEx) en Recherche sur le Médicament et l'Innovation Thérapeutique (LERMIT), Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, Le Plessis Robinson, France marc.humbert@bct.aphp.fr.

Abstract

Genetic causes of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) have been identified, leading to a growing need for genetic counselling.Between 2003 and 2014, genetic counselling was offered to 529 PAH and 100 PVOD patients at the French Referral Centre for Pulmonary Hypertension.Mutations in PAH-predisposing genes were identified in 72 patients presenting as sporadic PAH (17% of cases; 62 mutations in BMPR2, nine in ACVRL1 (ALK1) and one in ENG) and in 94 patients with a PAH family history (89% of cases; 89 mutations in BMPR2, three in ACVRL1 (ALK1) and two in KCNK3). Bi-allelic mutations in EIF2AK4 were identified in all patients with a family history of PVOD (n=19) and in seven patients (8.6%) presenting as sporadic PVOD. Pre-symptomatic genetic diagnosis was offered to 272 relatives of heritable PAH patients, identifying mutations in 36.4% of them. A screening programme is now offered to asymptomatic mutation carriers to detect PAH in an early phase and to identify predictors of outcomes in asymptomatic BMPR2 mutation carriers. BMPR2 screening allowed us to offer pre-implantation diagnosis to two couples with a BMPR2 mutation.Genetic counselling can be implemented in pulmonary hypertension centres.

PMID:
26699722
DOI:
10.1183/13993003.00717-2015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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