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Adv Prev Med. 2015;2015:294902. doi: 10.1155/2015/294902. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Risk Factors of Overweight and Obesity among High School Students in Bahir Dar City, North West Ethiopia: School Based Cross-Sectional Study.

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School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Dar University, P.O. Box 79, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
Disease Prevention and Control Directorate, Federal Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 1234, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Department of Environmental Health and Safety, Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation, P.O. Box 1233, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
Department of Mothers and Child Care, Bahir Dar Textile Factory Clinic, P.O. Box 23, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, P.O. Box 209, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.



Overweight and obesity are risk factors for diet-related noncommunicable diseases. These diseases are the fifth leading risks for global deaths. Virtually, all age groups are affected from consequences of overweight and obesity.


Cross-sectional study was conducted among 431 school adolescents. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire and physical measurements. The sex and age specific BMI was computed using WHO Anthroplus software and the data were analyzed using bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis.


The magnitudes of overweight and obesity were 12.3% and 4.4%, respectively, and the combined prevalence of overweight and obesity together was 16.7%. Three-fourths of the respondents (74.7%) had healthy body mass index; however, 8.6% were underweight. Sex, frequency of eating food out of home, school type, family monthly income, family having vehicle, vigorous physical activity, and frequency of vigorous physical activity were statistically significant predictors of overweight and obesity.


The problems of overweight and obesity are taking place while students are still under the risk of underweight. Several factors were correlated with overweight and obesity. Therefore, interventions targeting gender, frequency of eating food out of home, vigorous activities, and frequency of doing vigorous physical activity are recommended.

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