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J Hum Nutr Diet. 2016 Aug;29(4):411-7. doi: 10.1111/jhn.12350. Epub 2015 Dec 23.

Dietary assessment among women with overweight and obesity in early postpartum.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2
Närhälsan, Research and Development, Primary Health Care, Region Västra Gätaland, Borås, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The present study aimed to assess dietary intake and evaluate the degree of agreement of group-level dietary intake as measured by 24-h recall against a 4-day diet record among postpartum women with overweight and obesity.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted of 110 Swedish women with a body mass index of ≥27 kg m(-2) at 6-15 weeks postpartum who were recruited to a weight loss trial and randomised to diet intervention or control. One 24-h recall was conducted among all women prior to randomisation. In addition, women subsequently randomised to diet intervention also conducted a 4-day diet record before receiving dietary treatment (n = 54). Paired tests were used to evaluate agreement of group-level dietary intake as measured by 24-h recall against 4-day diet record among women randomised to diet intervention.

RESULTS:

Women reported a median (25th and 75th percentiles) energy intake of 9.1 (6.9, 11.7) MJ day(-1) and an intake of fibre, vitamin D, folate and iron below the recommended intake as assessed by 24-h recall prior to randomisation (n = 110). Group-level median intakes of energy (9.9 versus 10.0 MJ day(-1) ), fibre (21.9 versus 21.3 g day(-1) ), vitamin D (4.8 versus 6.5 μg day(-1) ), folate (296 versus 287 μg day(-1) ), iron (11.0 versus 11.3 mg day(-1) ) and calcium (915 versus 968 mg day(-1) ) did not differ significantly between the methods; however, the record captured a higher energy-adjusted intake of fat, saturated fat and alcohol, as well as a lower intake of carbohydrates, compared to the recall (n = 54).

CONCLUSIONS:

We found no difference in group-level estimates of energy or micronutrients between the recall and the record; however, there were some differences for macronutrients.

KEYWORDS:

24-h recall; diet record; dietary assessment; obesity; overweight; postpartum

PMID:
26696534
DOI:
10.1111/jhn.12350
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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