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J Eval Clin Pract. 2016 Jun;22(3):421-4. doi: 10.1111/jep.12502. Epub 2015 Dec 23.

Study of the relationship between aggression and chronic diseases (diabetes and hypertension).

Author information

1
Department of Health Care Management, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

This study focused on the widely examined psychosomatic diseases - diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension as chronic conditions. The Buss-Perry validated questionnaire was used in it to measure aggression in Bulgarian conditions.

AIM:

To study aggression as a predictor and a connection of the chronic diseases diabetes and hypertension.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The number of the studied people was 142: 54 (38%) men and 88 (62%) women. Thirty-six of them had musculoskeletal disorders (77.8% women and 22.2% men), 54 had diabetes mellitus (29% women and 25% men) and 52 had hypertension (31% women and 21% men).

RESULTS:

During the statistical analysis of the data, the results from the Buss-Perry questionnaire were compared in the group of patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus with chronic diseases, related to musculoskeletal disorders.

CONCLUSION:

The study revealed that there was a statistically significant difference in 95% of the cases between anger, hostility in patients with diabetes, hypertension and musculoskeletal disorders. The highest levels of physical aggression were observed in patients with arterial hypertension, M = 17.32 ± 0.86. The highest average levels of verbal aggression were observed in patients with diabetes, M = 15.24 ± 0.64. The highest levels of anger were observed with patients with hypertension, M = 17.96 ± 0.90, and hostility - in patients with hypertension, M = 19.15 ± 0.86. The comparison between the four Aggression Questionnaire scales showed statistically significant differences between the patients with musculoskeletal disorders and the ones with hypertension and diabetes.

KEYWORDS:

Buss-Perry questionnaire; aggression; arterial hypertension; chronic diseases; diabetes mellitus; psychosomatics

PMID:
26696247
DOI:
10.1111/jep.12502
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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