Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Case Rep. 2015 Dec 23;9:292. doi: 10.1186/s13256-015-0770-x.

Acute leg pain with suspected beginning leg compartment syndrome and deep vein thrombosis as differential diagnoses in an unusual presentation of Brodie's abscess: a case report.

Author information

1
Abteilung für Orthopädie, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Strasse 40, 37075, Göttingen, Germany. ahammad116@gmail.com.
2
Abteilung für Orthopädie, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Strasse 40, 37075, Göttingen, Germany. philip.leute@med.uni-goettingen.de.
3
Abteilung für Orthopädie, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Strasse 40, 37075, Göttingen, Germany. isabel.hoffmann@med.uni-goettingen.de.
4
Abteilung für Orthopädie, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Strasse 40, 37075, Göttingen, Germany. sebastian.hoppe@med.uni-goetingen.de.
5
Abteilung für Orthopädie, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Strasse 40, 37075, Göttingen, Germany. stefan.lakemeier@med.uni-goettingen.de.
6
Abteilung für Orthopädie, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Strasse 40, 37075, Göttingen, Germany. michael.klinger@med.uni-goettingen.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Brodie's abscess is an uncommon form of subacute osteomyelitis where the main presenting symptom is mild to moderate pain of insidious onset for several months' duration. We report a case of a patient presenting with acute leg pain resembling that of a deep vein thrombosis, and a beginning leg compartment syndrome following a suspected ruptured Baker's cyst. Our case is unusual because of the acute presentation of the Brodie's abscess with acute leg pain and acute swelling without any preceding trauma; to the best of our knowledge, this presentation has not been reported before.

CASE PRESENTATION:

A 17-year-old white boy presented to our out-patient clinic with a 6-month history of pain in his left knee joint of insidious onset. There was no history of trauma to the extremity. After performing physical and radiological (X-ray) examinations, we initially diagnosed medial meniscus damage. One week later he presented to our emergency department with acute sudden increase in the pain and swelling of his left knee, and pain and swelling of his left leg, without any trauma. Deep vein thrombosis and beginning leg compartment syndrome from ruptured Baker's cyst were initially diagnosed. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed and Brodie's abscess was the most probable diagnosis. We performed open surgical debridement and curettage with drainage of the abscess and administered postoperative antibiotics. He presented to our out-patient clinic 3 months postoperatively, where he was pain-free with no residual local tenderness.

CONCLUSIONS:

In cases of sudden acute increase in joint or extremity pain or swelling that has been insidiously present for months, Brodie's abscess should be considered as one of the differential diagnoses, as it may present acutely in cases with accompanying fasciitis and myositis and be clinically mistaken for deep vein thrombosis or limb compartment. Magnetic resonance imaging remains the gold standard imaging study, and surgical treatment followed by postoperative antibiotics remains the standard treatment.

PMID:
26696095
PMCID:
PMC4689044
DOI:
10.1186/s13256-015-0770-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center