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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Dec 17;12(12):16019-26. doi: 10.3390/ijerph121215039.

Electronic Cigarette Trial and Use among Young Adults: Reasons for Trial and Cessation of Vaping.

Author information

1
Center for Survey Research, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA 02125, USA. lois.biener@umb.edu.
2
Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. esong@wakehealth.edu.
3
Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. esutfin@wakehealth.edu.
4
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. jspangle@wakehealth.edu.
5
Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. mwolfson@wakehealth.edu.

Abstract

This paper identifies predictors of trial and current use, and reasons for trying and ceasing use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among young adults, with particular attention to former and never smokers. Data are from a mail survey of a population-based sample of adults aged 18 to 35 (N = 4740) in three U.S. metropolitan areas. Survey items assessed trial and use of e-cigarettes, cigarette smoking status, and reasons for trial and for ceasing use of e-cigarettes. Almost 23% reported trial of e-cigarettes, and 8.4% reported using them in the past month. Current smokers were much more likely to have tried e-cigarettes (70.2%) than both former (32.3%) and never smokers (7.6%; p < 0.001) and to have used them in the past month (30.8%, 10.1%, 2.0% respectively; p < 0.001). Smoking status and scores on sensation seeking were significant independent predictors of both trial and current use of e-cigarettes. Never-smokers cite curiosity as the reason for trying e-cigarettes and also that their friends used them. The most frequent reason for ceasing use among never and former smokers was health concerns. For virtually none of them were e-cigarettes their first exposure to nicotine.

KEYWORDS:

electronic cigarettes; harm reduction; surveillance

PMID:
26694438
PMCID:
PMC4690975
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph121215039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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