Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Surgery. 1989 Aug;106(2):439-43.

Failure of tumor necrosis factor to produce hypotensive shock in the absence of endotoxin.

Author information

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pa.


Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is reported to cause a shock syndrome similar to that produced by endotoxin (LPS). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between TNF and LPS in causing shock. Eighty rats received infusions of either TNF, LPS, or TNF plus LPS, as compared with saline solution. Temperature, blood, and tissue specimens were obtained at 2 hours. Blood pressure was measured over 4 hours in a separate group of awake rats. Mortality was assessed over 24 hours. Neither TNF (1 mg/kg) nor LPS (1 mg/kg) altered hematocrit, blood gases, temperature, or caused hypotension or mortality. If the same dose of TNF was combined with LPS, however, there was significant (p less than 0.05) hemoconcentration and metabolic acidosis associated with hypotension and 100% mortality by 4 hours. Pathologic changes were restricted to the small intestine and occurred in this group only. It was concluded that TNF does not cause hypotension or shock in the rat. TNF will cause lethal shock, however, if combined with a sublethal dose of endotoxin. This suggests that synergy between TNF and endotoxin is important in septic shock.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center