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Assist Technol. 2015 Winter;27(4):208-18. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2015.1030514.

The Evaluation of Vertical Pole Configuration and Location on Assisting the Sit-to-Stand Movement in Older Adults with Mobility Limitations.

Author information

a Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Research , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.
b Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering , University of Toronto , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.
c Mechanical and Industrial Engineering , University of Toronto , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.


Grab-bars and transfer poles are common sit-to-stand aids for mobility limited older adults. This study investigated differences in kinetics and kinematics to characterize the lower-limb strength and dynamic balance requirements across different pole configurations and positions in nine mobility limited older adults. Poles were varied by location (near and far) and configuration (single vertical pole, double vertical poles, vertical pole with a horizontal bar). Results indicated that the far pole condition resulted in increased trunk (p < 0.001) and hip flexion (p < 0.01 and < 0.0001 for contralateral and ipsilateral sides, respectively), and a reduced peak vertical force applied to the pole (p < 0.001). Peak extension moments at the hip and knee were unchanged, and, therefore, pole position had no effect on task demands. Placing the pole unilaterally introduced a small kinetic asymmetry, which significantly increased peak knee extension moments on the ipsilateral side (p < 0.05). Finally, dynamic balance was relatively unchanged across pole conditions. These findings offer novel insight into pole use and the effect of varying pole location and configuration in a sample of older adults with mobility impairment, and provide the basis for future work.


aging; grab-bar; mobility; sit-to-stand

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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