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J Strength Cond Res. 2016 Jan;30(1):93-101. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001068.

Men and Women Exhibit Similar Acute Hypotensive Responses After Low, Moderate, or High-Intensity Plyometric Training.

Author information

1
1Department of Physical Activity Sciences, University of Los Lagos, Osorno, Chile;2Department of Physical Education, Sport and Recreation, University of La Frontera, Temuco, Chile;3Laboratory of Exercise Sciences, MEDS Clinic, Santiago, Chile;4Faculty of Physical Activity Science, San Sebastian University, Valdivia, Chile;5Laboratory of Physiology and Biomechanics, University of Chile, Temuco, Chile;6Department of Physical Education, State University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil;7Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Exercise Physiology, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran;8School of Medicine, Mayor University, Santiago, Chile; and9Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarra, Campus of Tudela, Navarra, Spain.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the acute effects of low-, moderate-, high-, and combined-intensity plyometric training on heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and rate-pressure product (RPP) cardiovascular responses in male and female normotensive subjects. Fifteen (8 women) physically active normotensive subjects participated in this study (age 23.5 ± 2.6 years, body mass index 23.8 ± 2.3 kg · m(-2)). Using a randomized crossover design, trials were conducted with rest intervals of at least 48 hours. Each trial comprised 120 jumps, using boxes of 20, 30, and 40 cm for low, moderate, and high intensity, respectively. For combined intensity, the 3 height boxes were combined. Measurements were taken before and after (i.e., every 10 minutes for a period of 90 minutes) each trial. When data responses of men and women were combined, a mean reduction in SBP, DBP, and RPP was observed after all plyometric intensities. No significant differences were observed pre- or postexercise (at any time point) for HR, SBP, DBP, or RPP when low-, moderate-, high-, or combined-intensity trials were compared. No significant differences were observed between male and female subjects, except for a higher SBP reduction in women (-12%) compared with men (-7%) after high-intensity trial. Although there were minor differences across postexercise time points, collectively, the data demonstrated that all plyometric training intensities can induce an acute postexercise hypotensive effect in young normotensive male and female subjects.

PMID:
26691407
DOI:
10.1519/JSC.0000000000001068
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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