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Environ Int. 2016 Mar;88:9-14. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2015.11.020. Epub 2015 Dec 12.

Dietary exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and risk of myocardial infarction in men - A population-based prospective cohort study.

Author information

1
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
2
Risk and Benefit Assessment Department, National Food Agency, Uppsala, Sweden.
3
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: agneta.akesson@ki.se.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Major food contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are proposed to play a role in the etiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but to date the impact of PCBs on cardiovascular health need to be explored.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We assessed the association between validated food frequency questionnaire-based estimates of dietary PCB exposure and risk of myocardial infarction, ascertained through register-linkage, among 36,759 men from the population-based Swedish Cohort of Men, free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer at baseline (1997). Relative risks were adjusted for known cardiovascular risk factors, long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids) and methyl mercury exposure. During 12years of follow-up (433,243 person-years), we ascertained 3005 incident cases of myocardial infarction (654 fatal). Compared with the lowest quintile of dietary PCB exposure (median 113ng/day), men in the highest quintile (median 436ng/day) had multivariable-adjusted relative risks of 1.74 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.30-2.33; p-trend<0.001) for total and 1.97 (95% CI 1.42-2.75; p-trend<0.001) for non-fatal myocardial infarction. In mutually adjusted models, dietary PCB exposure was associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction, while the intake of long-chain omega-3 fish fatty acids was associated with a decreased risk. We also observed an effect modification by adiposity on the association between of dietary PCB exposure and myocardial infarction, with higher risk among lean men (p value for interaction =0.03).

CONCLUSIONS:

Exposure to PCBs via diet was associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction in men.

KEYWORDS:

Dietary; Epidemiology; Myocardial infarction; PCB; Population-based; Prospective cohort; n-3 fish fatty acids

PMID:
26690540
DOI:
10.1016/j.envint.2015.11.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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