Send to

Choose Destination
Aging Ment Health. 2017 May;21(5):509-517. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2015.1124836. Epub 2015 Dec 21.

What are the essential features of resilience for informal caregivers of people living with dementia? A Delphi consensus examination.

Author information

a VU University Medical Center , EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, Department of General Practice and Elderly Care Medicine , Amsterdam , The Netherlands.
b Dementia Services Development Centre Wales , School of Healthcare Sciences, Bangor University , Bangor , United Kingdom.
c VU University Medical Center , EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, Department of Psychiatry , Amsterdam , The Netherlands.
d VU University Medical Center , EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, Department of Psychiatry, Department of Sociology, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics , Amsterdam , The Netherlands.



Few studies have examined what might enable or prevent resilience in carers of people with dementia. Consequently, there are limited insights as to how it should be understood, defined and measured. This creates challenges for research, and also practice in terms of how it might best be promoted. This study aimed to address these limitations and add new insights, identifying the essential features of resilience in dementia caregiving.


A Delphi consensus study was conducted, consulting a multi-disciplinary panel of informal caregivers and experts with relevant professional expertise. Panellists rated the relevance of various statements addressing essential components of resilience; 'adversity' and 'successful caregiving' on a 5-point Likert scale. Based on the median and Inter Quartile Range, the most relevant statements with moderate consensus were proposed in Round 2 in which panellists selected up to five statements in order of importance.


Moderate consensus was reached for all statements after two rounds. Patients' behavioural problems and feeling competent as a caregiver were selected by both caregivers and professionals as essential resilience features. Caregivers also emphasized the importance of social support, the quality of the relationship with their relative and enjoying spending time together. Professionals considered coping skills, experiencing positive aspects of caregiving, and a good quality of life of caregivers most relevant.


The essential elements of resilience selected from multiple stakeholder perspectives can be used to select appropriate outcomes for intervention studies and give guidance to policy to support caregivers more effectively and better tailored to their needs.


Delphi method; Resilience; adversity; dementia; family caregivers

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center